American novelist William Faulkner once said, “In writing, you must kill your darlings”. It was a warning to other writers not to get too attached to their manuscripts, or their characters, because you always need to be willing to edit and cut down your work to make it truly brilliant.
That advice applies to investing, too. I’ve seen too many investors get emotionally attached to their stocks and funds, which causes them to hold on to losers for too long—or fail to accept that the world has changed. But if we want to minimize our losses (and of course, we always do!), we sometimes need to “kill our darlings,” too.
Falling in love with investments is an especially dangerous trap with high-yield plays like closed-end funds (CEFs), as folks get so enamored with CEFs’ 7%+ dividends that they fail to (or maybe pretend not to) notice when the wind shifts and it’s clearly time to sell.
A CEF called the PIMCO High Income Fund (PHK) provides an example. PHK trades in high-yield corporate bonds and derivatives, as well as mortgage-backed securities (MBSs).
A little more than a decade ago, I made a contrarian move into this fund, which yielded around 12% then and pays a still-outsized 10.8% today, after the subprime mortgage crisis turned a lot of mainstream investors off of MBSs. These folks were suffering from something called “recency bias,” but the truth was, MBSs had actually become fairly safe after they triggered the collapse of the US housing market (and economy).
For half a decade after 2009, PHK posted terrific returns:
When Times Were Good
Of course, times change, and now I wouldn’t buy PHK even if it traded at a huge discount to net asset value (NAV, or the value of the investments in its portfolio). And here’s a spoiler alert: it doesn’t. I recommend you avoid it, as well. Here’s why.
Warning Sign #1: Overvaluation
I never like buying a CEF at a premium to NAV, but right after the 2008/’09 crisis, I made an exception for PHK, as I rightly thought it had upside as scarred investors were too negative on the potential of MBSs. The problem is that the fund still trades at a premium. But while its premium once made sense, it no longer does (for reasons I’ll explain in a bit).
A Sign of More Downside to Come
A CEF with a sustained premium isn’t necessarily a bad buy, although you’ll generally want to buy a fund that typically trades at a premium during those rare moments when it’s at a discount (or at least when its premium dips below its long-term average).
What you don’t want is a fund that once traded at a high premium that is seeing its premium consistently fall over time. That’s typically a sign that stubborn investors are unwilling to give up on a once-market star that’s turned into a dud. And that’s exactly what PHK is now, which we can clearly see when we look at …
Warning Sign #2: A Declining Dividend
The secret to PHK’s success a decade ago was its payout, which, as I mentioned a second ago, yielded a consistent 12% (or more) back then. But then PHK cut its dividend for the first time in 2015, which shocked the CEF world, as the fund’s payout had been rock-solid for a decade, and had been buttressed by massive special payouts in the pre–Great Recession days, too.
PHK’s Dividend Was Reliable, Until It Wasn’t
Since then, PHK has cut its payout several times as it repeatedly failed to sustain its massive yield. And its current 10.8% payout also looks unsustainable, as the fund doesn’t earn enough to keep doling out those payouts without selling off the investments in its portfolio (thereby hurting its value and shriveling the income it brings in).
Which brings us to…
Warning Sign #3: Poor Recent Performance
PHK’s big returns were a thing of beauty a decade ago, but lately they’ve been a different story. Compare the chart at the top of this article, showing PHK’s returns from 2009 through 2013, to this one, showing the last five years.
PHK Turns Into “Dead Money”
It isn’t just that PHK is underperforming, it’s that it’s not going anywhere! Holding a portfolio of high-yield bonds to get basically zero profit for years is unacceptable, especially when there are dozens of bond CEFs yielding 7%+ that have performed well over the same period, and with much better upside potential in the years to come.
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